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Building Processes > Patterns of Brickwork – An Overview of Different Types and Preventive Measures

Patterns of Brickwork – An Overview of Different Types and Preventive Measures


It is a well-understood fact that brickwork plays the most crucial role in strengthening the building and imparting beauty to the structure. So if you are constructing a house, you must know all technicalities and patterns of brickwork. Like types of bricks, methods of applying and critical preventive measures to take during the process.

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Here in this article, we will explain all this valuable information to familiarise you with brickwork and the different patterns involved in the process. Let’s have a brief look at it.

Brickwork – Key Information

There are a few terms related to brickwork that you should know. Here are they:

  • A brick is a block of soil having a length of 9 inches, a width of 4.5 inches and a thickness of 3 inches.
  • The length of the brick is called a stretcher, commonly known as Bi (بائی).
  • The width of the brick is known as the header, and in layman’s language, it is سیرو.
  • The side having the thickness of the brick is called the face.
  • When we join brickworks to make the structure, it is called course or layer, while masons call it ردہ. It has a thickness of 3 inches as bricks.

Different Patterns of Brickwork

Here are some different types of brickwork patterns:

Stretcher Bond

In this brickwork pattern, bricks are applied length-wise, meaning we can only see their stretcher.

English Bond

In the English Bond pattern, the first course or layer (ردہ) has bricks in a stretcher pattern. On the other hand, the layer above and below has bricks with a header side in front. In Pakistan, the masons generally follow the English Bond pattern.

Flemish Bond

A Flemish Bond is a pattern in which we apply bricks in both designs in one layer. The first one will be a stretcher, then the header and the same pattern will go on throughout the course. This pattern is generally used in 13 inches brickwork and can also be used in 9 inches.

Dutch Bond

Dutch Bond is the same as English Bond with the difference that bricks are placed in a way that the header combines with the stretcher in the centre. You just keep on following this pattern throughout the course.

Important Points to Consider During Brickwork

  • Always use properly cooked bricks instead of using poor-quality material.
  • Use bricks having the perfect size and pattern.
  • Do remember that the strength of brickwork is connected to your foundation. So always make a strong foundation.
  • While making mortar for brickwork, use the correct water and cement ratio.
  • While laying bricks, keep the line proper and joints even. The thickness in all joints should be equal. Typically, we keep it between 10 to 12 mm.
  • Keep watering the brickwork as soon as the work is finished.
  • Try to use mortar within three to four hours of making it.
  • Lastly, avoid overloading of brickwork, which means never constructing 4.5 inches wall of more than 3.5 to 4 feet in a single day. Similarly, in 9 inches wall, only apply something if the material is fully set.

Closing Remarks

To sum up, there are a lot of brickwork patterns which you can use in your building. We hope that you have come to know about all of them. Now you can help yourself a lot during the construction process. Still, if you have any questions or concerns about brickwork or any other construction process, you can contact us through our website, tameereasy.com.

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